The wine has various descriptors and classifications that anybody can easily feel overwhelmed. The two most common classifications are Old World Wine and New World Wine. The Old World Wine is a term that is used to refer to the regions of Europe, Northern Africa and the Middle East that originally made wine. On the other hand, the New World refers to the remainder of the winemaking locations like Australia, some Asian countries, New Zealand and the Americas. The 2 terms are used in the definition of wine because of the significant differences between them.
Old World Wine
The wines made in these regions have an iconic style and quality that is associated with them. The methods used to make wine hardly change from one generation to the next, the wineries lack any new technology. Terroir is essential in Old World winemaking because it is concerned with the precise qualities of the land where the grapes were cultivated. Factors that define a wine’s terroir are climate, elevation and mineral levels.
Old World Wine is made in Italy, Spain, France, Poland, Austria, Georgia, Armenia, Cyprus, Croatia, Bulgaria and Israel. These places are in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. Most vineyards in the regions above have been passed down from one generation to the other.
Most Old World wines are tannic, elegant and soft. They are considered to be more mineral-based and acidic compared to New World wines. They have a lower alcohol content compared to New World wines. They are smooth and light.
These wines are named according to the specific region that is grown.
They include Bordeaux, Burgundy, Champagne, Chianti, Douro, Port, Rhone, and Sherry.
New World Wine
These wines are more predictable compared to their counterparts because of how experimental the winemaking process is. This is caused by the lack of a traditional set of rules to control the winemaking processes thus leaving winemakers to their own devices. Most of these wines have evolved over many years with variation in styles of production and mixes of grapes. New World wines benefit from state-of-the-art agricultural technologies like large-scale irrigation and tractors.
New World wine is produced anywhere in the world where grapes can grow. For instance, Chile, Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand, China, India, Australia and the United States. Most of these places are warmer compared to Old World wine regions so the grapes grow in hotter temperatures.
New World Wines exhibit ripe, oaky and fruity flavors. They have a higher alcoholic content and are less acidic.
These wines are usually named according to the grape that is used to make them.
The types of New World wines are Viognier, Syrah, Riesling, Merlot, Malbec, Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon.
The characteristics and qualities of every style of wine above are not exhaustive but should help in understanding how they differ from each other.
New World wine and Old World wine have significant differences but this does not mean one is better than the other. The most important thing is for consumers to under their personal taste and to sample wines from different regions and countries.